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Switzerland

Compared to last year’s edition, Switzerland falls seven places to rank 16, still ranging among the relatively high-rated countries. In the categories GHG Emissions, Renewable Energy and Energy Use, Switzerland’s ratings remain similar to last year, with high ratings for GHG Emissions and Energy Use and a medium rating for Renewable Energy. The considerable decline in Switzerland’s position can therefore be linked to the significant drop in the rating that national experts gave for Switzerland’s climate policy performance. Its national climate policy assessment now receives a medium instead of a high rating. Experts criticise overall low ambition and lack of implementation of the country’s climate policy. When it comes to emissions reduction, Switzerland announced a 2050 net-zero goal in August 2019, which however still lacks a binding strategy to secure its implementation. The 2030 target of 30% domestic and an additional 20% international emissions reduction by 2030 compared to 1990 levels is also not in line with a well-below-2°C pathway. Additionally, experts point to ongoing fossil fuel subsidies and noted with concern a recent rise of transport emissions, as those are not yet included in the country’s effective carbon tax system. Experts furthermore note that the ineffective renewable energy support schemes along with weak future targets are not in line with a well-below-2°C pathway.